Career Navigator

“Discover what’s involved in a career in science, the industries scientists work, what jobs they do, where they work, and choose from over 50 career profile case studies to discover what each job involves”


Not all scientists wear white coats and work in labs. There are a wide variety of jobs and careers that require knowledge and application of science, from research to business and from regulation to teaching. The Science Council identified 10 types of scientists working today - can you identify yourself?

Scientific Industry

Business Scientist

underpins management and business skills with scientific knowledge. In STEM companies with roles in R&D, marketing, and to the C-suite itself.

Communicator Scientist

combines their science and technological know-how with an ability to communicate. With media roles, advertising, regulation and public affairs.

Developer Scientist

uses the knowledge generated by others and transforms it into something that society can use. Typically found in research environments and may be working with Entrepreneur and Business scientists to help bring their ideas to market.

Policy Scientist

uses their science, technical knowledge, understanding of government and policy making, to ensure that legislation and policy have a sound evidence base. Typically involved at many levels and in many environments including government and Parliament, NGOs, campaigning groups and charities.

Regulator Scientist

reassure the public that food, medicines, systems and technology are reliable and safe, through monitoring and regulation. Typically found in regulatory bodies, such as the MHRA, FDA and in a wide range of R&D in organisations.

Teacher Scientist

trained in science and shares their knowledge and understanding to train the next generation of scientists. Typically, works in academic organisations.

Technician Scientist

provides operational scientific services in a wide range of ways. Typically found in laboratories and other support service environments across a wide variety of sectors.

Investigator Scientist

digs into the unknown, setting the landscape for others to translate & develop. Typically found in a university, research centre, or in R&D at an organisation.

Explorer Scientist

on a journey of discovery, going where no one has gone before. Typically found in a university, research centre, or in R&D at an organisation.

Entrepreneur Scientist

make innovation happen. Typically start their own businesses.

Life Sciences

  • What is the life sciences industry? The life sciences industry is an umbrella term for companies that are dedicated to developing, producing and commercialising innovative treatments, diagnostic tools, medical devices, and


  • What is the healthcare industry? The healthcare industry, also known as the medical or health economy industry, is an aggregation of businesses that provide goods and services to treat patients through medical services,

Academia and Higher Education

  • What is the academic and higher education industry? The higher education or academic industry is also known as academia. It incorporates, students studying in tertiary education (post secondary school) on a journey to be awarded degrees,

Environment and Agriculture

  • What is the environment industry? The environmental industry consists of activities which produce goods and services to measure, prevent, limit and minimise or correct environmental damage to water, air and soil.